The Union Health Ministry announced 27% reservation for OBCs and other backward classes. Also, a 10% quota is reserved for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) in the All India Quota (AIQ). This scheme applies to UG and PG medical or dental courses including MBBS, MS, MD, Diploma, MDS, and BDS applies 2021-22 onwards.
This decision would benefit students nearly 1,500 in numbers every year who are willing to take admission to MBBS. It also affects nearly 2,500 students in PG and around 550 students of the EWS category in MBBS.
In 1986, AIQ introduced directions of SC that was providing domicile-free and merit-based opportunities to students of any state. It inspires students to study in medical colleges even if they are located in other States. It comprises 15% seats for undergraduates and 50% seats for post-graduation in government medical colleges.
Initially, there was no reservation in the All India Quota until 2007. Then, the SC introduced a reservation for SCs of 15% and STs of 7.5% as per the scheme.
The Central Educational Institutions Act came into effect in 2007. It provided 27% reservation to OBCs. It is also implemented in all Educational Institutions of the Centre i.e. Safdarjung Hospital, Aligarh Muslim University, Lady Harding Medical College, and Banaras Hindu University, etc. The scheme was not extended to All India Quota (AIQ) seats of medical and dental colleges in the State.
“The OBC students from across the country shall now be able to take the benefit of this reservation in AIQ to compete for seats in any State. Being a Central scheme, the Central List of OBCs shall be used for this reservation. Around 1,500 OBC students in MBBS and 2,500 in post-graduation will be benefited through this reservation,” announced the Ministry in a recent release.
From the last six years, MBBS seats have increased by 56% from 54,348 seats to 84,649 seats in 2014 to 2020. Besides that, the number of post-graduation seats increased by 80% from 30,191 to 54,275 seats in 2014 to 2020. At the same time, 179 new medical colleges were established. And, now the country has a total of 558 medical colleges that includes 289 government colleges, and 269 private medical colleges